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On Writing Well

On Writing Well

Do I Make Myself Clear?
Harold Evans

(Harold Evens was the long-time editor of the London Times. Before that, he served 14 years as Editor of the Sunday Times.)

The goal of writing is “to get the right words in the right order”.

Harold calls a bad paragraph “a monster, a boa constrictor of a paragraph”.

“Muddle is likely when you write long opening phrase or clause before unveiling the ideas in the main clause”. The long thought before …. he called “predatory” because it steals the main thought. Predatory clauses up front are …. BAD.

Winston Churchill said of Ramsey MacDonald “the gift of compressing the largest number of words into the smallest amount of thought.”

A “Delayed Drop” – holding the reader in suspense, so they are impelled to read on (to find out what happened”).

Use words that are mostly short, concrete and not abstract,

A sentence forms a complex thought.

We won’t communicate anything if the sentences are so boring readers switch off.

Complex sentences are not doomed to be readable.

NOTE: Readability formulas can be found at and

Lucius Sloan (1847-1933) studied sentence construction. He found that sentence word counts had been reduced over time, from 50 in pre-Elizabethan times, to 29 in Victorian times, to 23 in early 20th century. He documented a “decrease in predication”. Two predications in a sentence became the norm (down from 5).

William DuBay is the authority on readability. He judges the Dale-Chall index “the most reliable of the readability formulas”.

IN 1931, William Gray and Bernice Leary identified 228 elements that affected readability. They boiled it down to five. They are either about sentence structure or vocabulary.

Rudolf Flesch: The Art of Readable Writing

Flesh Reading Ease Index: Average length of sentences and syllables per hundred words. He urged 18 words per sentence.

Robert Gunning: The Fog Index. Copy with a fog index of 13 or more runs the danger of being ignored or misunderstood.

“Basic” vocabulary is 3,000 easy words.

Lucy Kellaway “Golden Flannel” sentences.

Blundy: averages 15 words per sentence. No sentences longer than 32 words. Average number of syllables is 2.

Adjectives not susceptible to modifiers are: certain, complete, devoid, empty, entire, essential, everlasting, excellent, external, fatal, final, fundamental, harmless, ideal, immaculate, immortal, impossible, incessant, indestructible, infinite, invaluable, main, omnipotent, perfect, principal, pure, round, simultaneous, square, ultimate, unanimous, unendurable, unique, unspeakable, untouchable, whole, worthless.

The hidden arithmetic of verbosity.

The sentence clinic.

“Try being a musician in prose. The more you experiment, the more you will appreciate the subtleties of rhythm in good writing – and bad. …. Vary sentence structure. Vary sentence style.”

Use alliteration: “none of us can be bystanders to bigotry”.

A “loose sentence”: where there is at least one full sentence before the stop.

“Periodic sentence” builds to a climax. It is a sentence of excitement and surprise.

“the Queen, my lord, is dead.”

The “balanced sentence”: is a work of deliberate symmetry.

Every man had a right to utter what he thinks is the truth, and every other man has a right to knock him down for it.

Put people first

the circumlocutory preposition (in the field of, in connection with etc)
the prepositional verb: consult (with), check (up on)
pedantry (insisting incorrectly that no sentence can end with preposition)


Such an irony! The third and arguably the most advanced stage of human development is the stage that gets the least attention. The next big wave is when baby boomers insist that ELDERHOOD matters …. a lot!

CREDIT: Elderhood Website

Childhood: First developmental stage
Adulthood: Second developmental stage
Elderhood: Third Developmental Stage


Key points to remember:

Elderhood is the third stage of human existence, which is a continuum of progressive growth.
Elderhood is not about loss. It is about gaining freedom, and – along with that freedom – opportunities for learning, joy, service and other experiences that significantly increase well-being.
Elderhood is more like a crowning achievement, where you have lived long enough, experienced enough, and accumulated enough that you no longer have to work (unless you want to), and can devote your time and energy in ways that are closer to what you want, than to what the world demands.

Aging Stereotype

Many  books about life after age 60 emphasizes ‘how to hold onto’ adulthood. Aging is viewed as a decline, a series of losses – until you reach the ultimate loss – the loss of life itself. This view of live after age 50 is an Aging Stereotype – and it is mistaken.

Current psychology in much of the developed world  seems to favor adulthood as the peak of human development. (This is not surprising since most practicing psychologists and gerontologists are adults.)

Understanding the Aging Stereotype

There was a time when children were seen as ‘little adults’. But after Jean Piaget suggested  that childhood is a special phase of human life, that it is not just ‘adulthood writ small’ and that children are a worthy object of scientific study, the field of child psychology burgeoned.
Pick up any  college catalog and you will see many courses about childhood and its various ‘stages’. Basic to all these courses is the idea childhood and adulthood are very different and that moving to adulthood is the  goal of human beings.

Childhood is a long preparation for adulthood and providing a child with a ‘good childhood experiences’ will allow that child to mature into a productive and happy adult. And if an adult is not productive and happy, the ’cause’ is usually assumed to be negative childhood experiences.

Adulthood in much of the developed world is THE goal. Adulthood is a most important life stage. Adults make the economy work, they give birth to and rear children. They create laws, lead the nation and are generally viewed as the ‘movers and doers’ of society. There is nothing in adult psychology that mirrors the notion found in child psychology that this particular stage of human development is a preparation for a new and even more important stage . . .  Elderhood.
Instead of viewing Elderhood as the ‘crowning achievement’ of life, we are offered an Aging Stereotype –  the stage after adulthood as a a time when life is in decline.

This is  The Aging Stereotype.
(Note that the stage of human development that follows adulthood is called ‘aging’ – as though going from age 17 to age 29 is NOT aging. The Aging Stereotype describes our last stage of development as a long, slow decline  – a period of losses and grieving the bygone adult powers and prestige.
Such are the fundamental beliefs of the  Aging Stereotype. Those who hold this view spend much energy trying to figure out how people can ‘hold onto’ adult characteristics and skills. At the same time they refuse Elders any of the power and prestige of adulthood – even if elders retain many of their adult skills.

The Aging Stereotype is at best a false view of human development and at worst it is degrading to those in the last third of their lives.

A different view
There is an alternative to this Aging Stereotype.  This view holds that there are at least 3 big stages of human development: childhood, adulthood and elderhood

AND that goal of human existence is progressive growth though these three stages. Why? So that at the end of ones life you are ready to move on because you have lived a full and complete human life. You have been a child, an adult and an elder.

Yes,  Elderhood is the third stage of human development. And using this name removes any Aging Stereotype. (It also removes current bias of the primacy of adulthood.)

But I have yet to see a course on Elderhood listed in any college catalog. Oh, there are courses in gerontology and aging. And most of these concentrate on ‘inevitable decline’ and ‘how we can help these people’.

Now of course there are losses as you move to elderhood. Just as there were losses when you moved from childhood to adulthood. But somehow in the current state of things only  the losses of adult tasks and powers are seen as  losses that count. No one speaks of the losses children face as they move into adulthood – only those adults face when moving into Elderhood.

Perhaps this skewing of psychology towards the primacy of adulthood is caused by the fact that most academic studies are done by adults and adults have not yet lived as elders. They have no experiential knowledge of their own elderhood and so they judge everything out of their own bias concerning the centrality and importance of adulthood.
To understand the unconscious bias towards their own adulthood, consider what would happen to views of Adulthood if most of what we knew about it was written by children.  Children have no personal experiences of being an adult, they ,too, would concentrate on what a person loses in becoming an adult.

Ask children what it is like to be an adult and after they say a few good things related to power or prestige , the children are likely to talk about things that are lost in becoming an adult.Depending on their age, children say that in Adulthood:
• You can not play all day.
• You have to go to work all the time.
• You need to think and worry about money
• No one tucks you in each night… or takes care of you when you are sick
• You can not play in Little League (or Pop WArner or…)
• You have lots of RESPONSIBILITY
• The list goes on….
Notice, that children know that adults have power but when it gets to the nitty gritty,  children can not help but notice the things they would lose by being an adult. For children, adulthood is about losses. Why? Because children have not experienced and do not understand the special joys of adulthood. So , too, adults who have not experienced the positive aspects of Elderhood,do not value Elderhood. They emphasize the losses.

Children can not value what they do not know. If children were to write the textbooks about adulthood, these texts might be full of advice as to how to hold onto some of the joys and experience of childhood. Just as adults who DO write the texts about Elderhood give advice about how to ‘hold onto’ aspects of adulthood but offer NO INSIGHT into any of the special joys or tasks of Elderhood. So it is that we have the Aging Stereotype of ‘inevitable decline’.

To summarize:
Adults have NOT experienced the joys of Elderhood. Once they get past a few cliches, they tend to focus on the losses that they, as adults, will experience. Adults do not perceive the positive values of elderhood because they have no clue as to what they are and just as children do not imagine thatthere are a host special joys to being an adult, so, too, adults do not imagine that there are special joys of Elderhood. It never occurs to them to ask about them and even if they were to ask, most adults have no psychological context to appreciate the answers.
We who are elders need to read the works of other elders and we need to rethink the whole view of Aging.  That is what this web site is about. I hope you will read more….and come back and read again.
Elderhood – what comes after adulthood

Elderhood is one of the 3 main developmental stages of human life:
• Childhood is the first stage. Traditionally this first stage has be subdivided into three major groupings :infancy, early and middle childhood and adolescence. 
There are many, many studies of childhood. You can go to most libraries and find that the there are shelves and shelves of books about childhood, what it means, what to expect from a child in each of the ‘growth periods’, how adults can help children grow into happy, responsible adults etc. 
Childhood is the most researched of the three major life stages. In fact there have been so many studies that many childhood specialists now subdivide this period of life into more stages than just the four listed above. 

• Adulthood is the second major stage of human life. There are fewer studies about adulthood as a stage of human development but there have been some. If you look into the field, you will find that many researchers now divide this period into: young adulthood and full adulthood.

• Elderhood is the third major stage of human development but almost no one writes about it. Oh, you will find many studies about ‘aging’ and its problems. And you will find an increasing number of research papers and books about ‘old age’ and its problems. But ‘aging’ and ‘old age’ are chronological stages. They are not really developmental stages of life. 
The third great developmental stage of human life can not be identified solely by age any more than adulthood is identified solely by age. (There are ever so many 19 year olds who have moved into adulthood just as there are 40 year old’s who never really left the adolescent stage.) 
Being and elder is a specific social role – one that requires new forms of maturity. It requires approaches to life that go beyond those of one’s adult years. And it requires taking on new tasks in and for one’s family/community.

So, what do we know about this third stage of human development?
First, we know that not everyone attains it. Just because you have reached a certain age, does not say that you have become an Elder. Some people cling to adulthood so long, that they never quite make it into this next stage of human development.

One of the tragedies of the developed world is that most people are so focused on adulthood: adult tasks, adult powers and responsibility that they give scant thought or attention to the next stage of human development. in fact there are some adults who do not realize that there IS a next stage in human maturity.

Some researchers believe that one of the reasons why many adults fear their loss of adult powers and adult privilege is because they have NO Notion that there is a ‘next developmental stage’ beyond adulthood.

They do not realize that the next stage of human life is one of growth, that new types of power accompany it or that this next stage has special joys that are unknown to most adults. (Just as many of the special joys of adulthood are unknown to children. )

To read more about this stage of human development click on:
• The Aging Stereotype
• Elderhood Characteristics: Freedom
• More Characteristics Elderhood Development

Good reads
• If I live to Be 100 

• The Blue Zones – life where people live the longest


Issues related to elderhood

The luxury of time: Having the time to get your house in order

Well-being? How do I want to approach my well-being? what choices do I need to make? Set up MARVELS for yourself:

– M- Medications (including over the counter and supplements)
– A – Activity
– R – Resilience of Mindfulness
– V – Vital Sign monitoring
– E – Eating and Drinking Choices, including nutrition
– L – Labs monitoring, including blood, saliva, stool, genomic, etc
– S – Sleep

Re-establishing your identity – creating new business cards, email addresses, websites, blogs, twitter accounts – all of which help position you as you choose. Time for a new wardrobe? Haircut? Style? Primary residence? Second home? Downsize? Simplify?
Scrapbooking – sorting and clarifying connections and meaning in photo collections, awards and recognized achievements, old letters and memories, etc.
Re-establishing contact – with long-lost friends and relatives.
Choosing what’s right for you now:
Insurance – including health, long-term disability, Medicare, etc
Estate Planning
Wills – does my will need to be written? Updated?
Philanthropy – how to approach it (donor-advised fund?)
Service – what options are available to volunteer.
Learning – do I want to continue learning? At what rate? Through formal or informal means?
Service workers; housekeeping, landscaping, pool maintenance, etc.
health workers – primary care, dentist, specialists, nurses, etc

Fixed Costs of the Grid … 55%?


“Distributed generation” (DG) is what the electric utility industry calls solar panels, wind turbines, etc.

The article points out what is well-known: even with aggressive use of solar, any DG customer still needs the grid ….. at least this is true until a reasonable cost methodology for storing electricity at the point of generation comes on-line (at which time perhaps a true “off-grid” location is possible.

So …. for a DG customer …. the grid becomes a back-up, a source of power when the sun does not shine, the wind does not blow, etc.

So the fairness question is: should a DG customer pay for their fair share of the grid? Asked this way, the answer is obvious: yes. Just like people pay for insurance, in that same way should people be asked to pay for the cost of the grid.

Unfortunately, these costs are astronomical. This paper claims that they are 55% of total costs!

“In this example, the typical residential customer consumes, on average, about 1000 kWh per month and pays an average monthly bill of about $110 (based on EIA data). About half of that bill (i.e., $60 per month) covers charges related to the non-energy services provided by the grid….”

Arts Education

Steven J. Tepper is the dean of the Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts at Arizona State University, the nation’s largest, comprehensive design and arts school at a research university. . He was the keynote speaker at the annual luncheon today of the Metropolitan Atlanta Art Fund.

He had some provocative data to share. He was quoting from SNAAP.

His context was the explosion of arts non-for-profits – from 300 in the 1950’s to over 130,000 today.

Dr. Tepper is convinced that education in the arts is poorly understood, and has data to prove it. Too many people, he says, are skeptical about the careers that are possible from an arts education. In fact, many of the competencies developed in an arts education are precisely what employers in the 21st century are looking for – especially creativity. His conclusions:

– “The MFA is the new MBA”
– “The ‘Copyright Industries’ are booming…..they are 3X the size of the construction industry”.
– “the 21st century needs ‘design thinking”.

After the luncheon, I looked him up at ASU. Here is what he has to say – in his own words:

Welcome to the Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts, the largest comprehensive design and arts school in the nation, located within a dynamic 21st-century research university.

With 4,700 students, more than 675 faculty and faculty associates, 135 degrees and a tradition of top-ranked programs, we are committed to redefining the 21st-century design and arts school. Our college is built on a combination of disciplines unlike any other program in the nation, comprising schools of art; arts, media + engineering; design; film, dance and theatre; and music; as well as the ASU Art Museum.

The Institute is dedicated to the following design principles:

Creativity is a core 21st-century competency. Our graduates develop the ability to be generative and enterprising, work collaboratively within and across artistic fields, and generate non-routine solutions to complex problems. With this broad exposure to creative thinking and problem solving, our graduates are well prepared to lead in every arena of our economy, society and culture.

Design and the arts are critical resources for transforming our society. Artists must be embedded in their communities and dedicate their creative energy and talent to building, reimagining and sustaining our world. Design and the arts must be socially relevant and never viewed as extras or as grace notes. The Herberger Institute is committed to placing artists and arts-trained graduates at the center of public life.
The Herberger Institute is committed to enterprise and entrepreneurship. For most college graduates today, the future of work is unpredictable, non-linear and constantly evolving. A recent study found that 47 percent of current occupations will likely not exist in the next few decades. At the Herberger Institute, our faculty, students and graduates are inventing the jobs and the businesses of the future; reimagining how art and culture gets made and distributed; and coming up with new platforms and technology for the exchange of culture and the enrichment of the human experience. The legendary author and expert on city life Jane Jacobs talks about the abundance of “squelchers” — parents, educators, managers and leaders who tend to say no to new ideas. At the Herberger Institute, there are no squelchers. We embrace the cardinal rule of improvisation — always say: “Yes, and…”
Every person, regardless of social background, deserves an equal chance to help tell our nation’s and our world’s stories. Our creative expression defines who we are, what we aspire to and how we hope to live together. At the Herberger Institute, we are committed to projecting all voices – to providing an affordable education to every student who has the talent and the desire to boldly add their creative voice to the world’s evolving story.

Effectiveness requires excellence. We know that our ability to solve problems, build enterprises and create compelling and socially relevant design and art requires high levels of mastery. By being the best in our chosen fields, we can stretch ourselves and our talents to make a difference in the world.

Recently, as part of a weekly installation on campus, a Herberger Institute student hand-lettered the slogan “Here’s to the dreamers and the doers” in chalk on an outdoor blackboard, and we were able to use this for the incoming freshman class t-shirt. Whether you are an architect, designer, artist, performer, filmmaker, media engineer or creative scholar, the Herberger Institute is a place to dream. But unlike the misrepresentation of the artist and scholar as lost in a cloud, our faculty and students “make stuff happen” and leave their well-chiseled mark on the world. Come tour our concert and performance halls, art and design studios, exhibition spaces, dance studios, scene shops, classrooms, clinics and digital culture labs, and you will see the power of dreamers and doers.
If you are reading this message, you are implicated as a potential collaborator. Bring us your talents, your ideas and your passion — we will dream and do great things together.
Enthusiastically yours,

Steven J. Tepper

Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts
Arizona State University

Apple Watch, IBM, and J&J

IBM Watson Health and Apple Watch and HealthKit update

There is a lot going on! Much of the news is rotating around Apple, IBM, and J&J. They all are getting into health – big-time. Remember that everything is connected.

Apple Watch is a decent place to start. Apple isn’t saying, but analysts are beginning to predict a successful launch for the Apple Watch – their new wearable. Pre-orders are predicted to have already passed 1 MM, and will soon pass 2 MM, which is more than all Android wearables sold in a year. They ship this month, so we will know soon.

Everything is connected. For example, IBM is connected to Apple. How? IBM announced that it is jumping big-time into the digital health game, with their new 2,000+ employee Watson Health Unit. They want to “share and analyze health data for greater insights into trends to improve individual and overall patient outcomes.” And guess what? They have a massive data cloud – called Watson Health. Linked to the Apple data cloud – called Apple HealthKit.

So here is the connection:

“IBM will apply Watson Health cloud services and analytics to Apple’s HealthKit and ResearchKit, two features announced with last month’s release of Apple Watch. HealthKit enables the collection of data from the Apple Watch, and ResearchKit enables Apple Watch wearers to take part in massive health data studies by sharing the baseline vital signs and activity data.”

So here is the plain english version of this: Apple Watch is just an appliance, like a phone or a Nike wearable. But the real value here is the data. And that data resides in Apple HealthKit.

HealthKit is their new data platform. Their watch is just one of many data links to their platform. It pulls data from, and adds data to, their new Health Platform, which they call HealthKit.

Everything is connected. J&J is in the game too – starting out with experiments in virtual coaching and diabetes management. Their “Patient Athlete” program will likely be the first of many. “We’re going to start this collaboration [with IBM’s Watson Health] with joint replacement surgery… joints, knees and hips.”

“ (IBM) Watson’s analytics and “cognitive” capability will enable the program to grow into a virtual patient coach, working with patient data to tailor a post-operative recovery coaching program.”

Everything is connected. Medtronics is in the game too – – working from data gathered from diabetes patients – like glucose monitors.


IBM announced a new business unit, Watson Health, that will offer cloud-based access to its Watson supercomputer for analyzing healthcare data.
The Watson Health Cloud will be an open source but secure platform on which care providers and researchers can share and analyze health data for greater insights into trends to improve individual and overall patient outcomes.

IBM, which made the announcement at the Healthcare Information Management Systems Society (HIMSS) conference in Chicago, also said it has acquired big data healthcare analytics providers Phytel and Explorys, whose software will be used in concert with Watson Health.
The Explorys platform enables healthcare systems to collect, link and combine data from hundreds of disparate sources across their enterprise and clinically integrated networks. This data will be derived from clinical, claims, billing, accounting, devices, community and patient information.
Phytel develops and sells cloud-based services that help healthcare providers coordinate care in order to meet new healthcare quality requirements and reimbursement models.
“Their data sets represent 90 million lives, primarily in this country,” said Mike Rhodin, senior vice president of IBM’s Watson Business Group.
Additionally, IBM announced three new partnerships with Apple, Johnson & Johnson, and Medtronic to optimize consumer and medical devices.

IBM will apply Watson Health cloud services and analytics to Apple’s HealthKit and ResearchKit, two features announced with last month’s release of Apple Watch. ResearchKit enables Apple Watch wearers to take part in massive health data studies by sharing the baseline vital signs and activity data.
Apple engineers have been working with dozens of research institutes, such as the Mayo Clinic, in developing apps that will help in research on Parkinson’s Disease, diabetes, cardiovascular problems, asthma and breast cancer.
IBM will provide a secure research capability on the Watson Health Cloud platform, de-identifying personal data to allow researchers to easily store, aggregate and model information collected from iOS users who opt-in to contribute personal data to medical research.
Johnson & Johnson will collaborate with IBM to create intelligent health coaching systems centered on preoperative and postoperative patient care, including joint replacement and spinal surgery.
“There’s so much we have to learn with this sea of data,” said Len Greer, president of Health and Wellness Solutions at Johnson & Johnson. “We’re going to start this collaboration [with IBM’s Watson Health] with joint replacement surgery… joints, knees and hips.”
Johnson & Johnson recently launched Patient Athlete, a pre and post operative video health coaching program, but Watson’s analytics and “cognitive” capability will enable the program to grow into a virtual patient coach, working with patient data to tailor a post-operative recovery coaching program.
Johnson & Johnson also plans to launch new health apps targeting chronic conditions, such as diabetes and obesity, which take up as much as 80% of $7 trillion global healthcare spending, according to Greer.
Medtronic will leverage the Watson Health Cloud insights platform to collaborate with IBM around delivery of new highly personalized care management services for people with diabetes. The system will receive and analyze patient information and data from various devices including insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors, and use this information to provide dynamic, personalized diabetes management strategies to patients and their providers.
Rhoden said Watson Health will include the open source sharing of code, so that any company can become a partner and develop applications for the platform.
“They’ll be solutions we bring to market, solutions we work with others to bring to market, and startups can even take advantage of the analytics to build future solutions,” Rhoden said.


(NEW YORK) — Estimates are already hinting that Apple Watch pre-orders may have hit one million units this weekend, surpassing the number of Android Wear sold last year.
Apple Watch pre-orders began on Friday in select countries, but one estimate says already that 957,000 people in the U.S. alone ordered the device on the first day.
The company that produced that report, Slice Intelligence, referred to their panel of two million online shoppers and found that 9,080 people in that panel had pre-ordered the Apple Watch this past Friday. That already surpasses the more than 720,000 Android Wear devices that sold last year, according to another research firm Canalys, which released its report in February.
Gene Munster, Piper Jaffray & Co. senior research analyst, called Slice Intelligence’s estimate “optimistic,” but Apple Watch’s launch is still strong.
Munster estimates Apple will ship close to one million Apple Watches by April 24, around which time he estimates Apple will have about 50 percent of the wearables market.
“We’re a little bit more measured,” he said. “But no matter how you cut it, it’s a good launch.”
Jaimee Minney, vice president of marketing and public relations for Slice Intelligence, told ABC News she wasn’t surprised with the early pre-order estimates for the highly anticipated wrist device.
In other Slice Intelligence research, Apple users were “far underrepresented” in the smartwatch market, even though Apple customer demographics were very similar to those of the smartwatch market.
“Apple users were waiting for the Apple watch, so when we saw this huge surge in demand, we were not surprised at all,” she said.
Meanwhile, Apple has so far remained silent on how many pre-orders it received.
Tim Coulling, Canalys senior analyst, agreed that he wasn’t surprised if Apple Watch pre-orders have already surpassed Android Wear device sales. Most recent examples of Android Wear devices sell for around $199.99 and up and include the ASUS Zenwatch, Moto 360, Sony SmartWatch 3, as well as Samsung and LG devices.
“There’s a lot of anticipation around the product. It’s far more advanced in terms of functionality,” Coulling told ABC News. “Apple’s brand is a very fashionable brand so it’s likely that people will buy the product as a watch as well as a smartwatch.”
But, Coulling said, he doesn’t expect Apple Watch sales to reach the same levels of those of the iPhone and iPad.
“There isn’t really an overriding reason to buy a smartwatch right now at the moment,” he said. “An iPhone is an essential communication device, like a smartphone. A tablet or the iPad is a computing device. A lot of people don’t even wear watches because they have a smartphone all the time.”
Apple and Google did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Gallup on 2014 US WellBeing

The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index measures well-being nationally. The 2014 results were just published.

The index shows Georgia squarely in the middle of the pack. Looking at the Community results, Atlanta is also in the middle of the pack, and is dragged down by very low community numbers.

Two key graphics tell most of the story:

Gallup-Healthways Insight 1

Gallup-Healthways Insight 2

The reports are here: