Microbiome Science Advances

On January 28, the New York Times published a major article on recent advances in microbiome research.

The article says that breakthroughs began in 2014, when scientists began finding evidence that the micro biome is linked to Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, depression, schizophrenia, autism, and other conditions.

The article also describes the early 2000’s, when major advances came from figuring out how to sequenced DNA from microbes in the micro biome. Apparently, a gene called SHANK3 Is particularly central to autism research.

Also apparently, Researchers have isolated one particular bacteria, lactobacillus reuteri. They seem to have identified compounds that are released. These compounds send a signal to nerve endings in the intestines. The Vegas nerve send these signals from we got to the brain, where they alter production of a hormone called Oxsee Tosun. This hormone apparently promote social bonds.

The article is below: